What can Cause Eye Problems in Dogs? 

Dog eye problems are common. Eye issues can occur by a simple twig of grass stuck across the eye-lid or because of as serious conditions as cancer. Various dog breeds suffer from  conjunctivitis, dry eye issue or irritation problems frequently if there is no proper care or medication provided during the first occurrence. Dry eye is caused because of the damage in the tear gland while irritation is a result of a weak immune system, lack of sleep, or dryness in the cornea. 

In some breeds, there may be different kind of eye infection issue, which include discharge of green or yellow liquid from the corner of the eye. The most common cause of this infection is bacteria or viruses. 

There are many dog eye problems that are caused by genetic or hereditary issues. Some of those are mentioned below:

  • Primary Glaucoma
  • Primary Lens luxation
  • Collie’s eye
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Congenital dry eye
  • Congenital Cataracts
  • Ectropion
  • Entropion
  • Central progressive retinal atrophy

Which Symptoms are associated with Dogs’ Eye Problems? 

The common symptoms that can be seen in dogs if the aforementioned eye problems occur, are:

  • Injuries
  • Seasonal or viral allergies
  • Diabetes
  • Auto-immune diseases
  • High blood pressure
  • Discharge of fluid from eyes
  • Change of eye colour
  • Frequent eye irritation

Ageing can also cause certain kinds of eye problems in Dogs. These problems usually depend on their metabolism factors, which can lead up to weakness in the eyes.

Few other common eye problem symptoms that are highly common in dogs are as follows:

  • Excessive tearing
  • Squinting
  • Bulging of an eye
  • Swelling
  • Cloudiness
  • Growths
  • Hair loss
  • Eye rubs

Types of Eye Problems in Dogs: 

Dogs can face various types of eye problems. It can be genetic, severe conditions such as cancer or a minor infection. Just like most other species, Dogs too can have irritable eyes, red eye issues or other inexplicable painful eye conditions.

Some of the most common types of eye problems in dogs are mentioned below:

  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye problem)
  • Glaucoma
  • Corneal ulcers
  • Cherry eye (Inner eyelid problem)
  • Dry eye problem
  • Cataracts
  • Injury or trauma to the eyes
  • Allergies

How to Treat Eye Problems in Dogs?

The eye is one of the most crucial parts of any animal's anatomy. Even for the basic problem, veterinarian doctors should be consulted so that Dogs do not have any kind of side effects because of the wrong medication. Vet Doctors can prescribe all the medication for eye problems after thorough examination. The eye problems, which that are not too severe, like dry eye or pink eye, can be treated using dog certain eye drops. 

The most commonly prescribed medications are antibiotics or eye creams, which are anti-inflammatory. For curing dry eye or irritation, vets usually lubricate the surface of dog eyes to ease out discomfort and reduce the chances of more severe damage. Dogs should be taken for to regular full eye-check up by a with vet so that all the issues can be diagnosed at early stages and treatment can be provided as soon as possible. 

Which Method is Preferred for Medication for Eye Problems? 

Just like any other disease, there is a different kind of severity of eye problems in dogs and it differs according to their breed. Therefore, no medication described to one particular dog is recommended for other dogs. There are various ways to make sure that dogs take their prescribed medication on time and in the correct way. Below are few suggested methods in case of prescribed ointment or drop as medication for irritation, pink eye etc.:

  • Ointment application method in Dogs:
  1. Tilt the head of a dog in a way that their nose is pointed upwards
  2. Squeeze one-fourth inch of the strip into their eyes
  3. Make sure to keep the tube at least an inch away from their eyes while applying.
  • Drops application method in Dogs:
  1. Tilt the head of a dog in a way that their nose is pointed upwards
  2. Allow one drop to fall into the dog’s eyes
  3. Keep the bottle of drops about three inches away from the eyes but in above eye direction
  4. Never apply more than the prescribed amount of drops. Always follow the label of the drop bottle for the appropriate amount.

How to Prevent Eye Conditions in Dogs

Follow up with Vet Doctors:

Dogs and humans have a similar anatomy of the eyes. Thus, the examination and treatment of various eye problems is possible in dogs. However, the basic problem of communication in animals may hinder timely action. Thus, regular preventive checkups play a key role in preventing eye issues in dogs. Make sure to consult vet doctors and do-follow visits as many times as the doctor requests it. Eye problems must be given a high priority because many serious conditions in dogs often begin with a reddish looking eye indicating a simple infection.

Flushing out foreign material

In the event something is stuck in your canine’s eye, it is a good idea to flush the eye with water or eye-wash solutions for dogs to remove that material. Such particles stuck in the eye can cause scratches in the cornea and thus lead to infections.