So you have brought in your best buddy to your home and you want to ensure that he/she gets best home, diet, toys and veterinary care. When it comes to veterinary care for little pups, it is a very crucial time for them since their immune system is not mature and they have to fight off many diseases without the support of their mother’s milk which carries antibodies to fight off various diseases. Dog vaccinations play an important role to save puppies from a variety of infectious diseases.
Fortunately for our little friends, there are vaccinations that can prevent serious diseases and they need constant dog vaccinations till 1 year post-birth.
Which and Why dog vaccinations to give to puppies?
When you get your puppy from a registered kennel, puppies are supposed to be a minimum eight weeks old and should get their first dog vaccinations done by kennel itself.
When you get a puppy you should always ask for vaccination documents to ensure that vaccinations were done and next due dates for other vaccinations.
Below are the diseases for which your puppy will eventually receive vaccinations:
Bordetella Bronchiseptica dog vaccinations:
Bordetella Bronchiseptica is a major source of the Kennel Cough disease. It is a highly contagious bacterium that can cause severe coughing, puking, whooping, serious symptoms like seizures, or even death in rare cases. The vaccines for this bacterium are easily available in the form of nasal sprays and injections.
Canine Distemper, Canine Hepatitis and Canine Parainfluenza dog vaccinations:
It is an infectious airborne disease that is spread through air as well as by sharing bowls or equipment of any infected animal.
Canine Distemper is caused when a virus affects the nervous, gastrointestinal, and respiratory symptoms of dogs. This disease is also found in other animals like skunks and racoons.
The symptoms include hardening of footpad, coughing, fever, discharge from nose and eyes, loose motions, paralysis, twithicing, and ultimately death of the animal. It causes discharges from the eyes and nose, fever, coughing, vomiting, diarrhoea, seizures, twitching, paralysis, and, often, death. Unfortunately, the only treatment for Canine Distemper is symptomatic care and prevention of secondary functions. A dog’s immune system may fight off the virus if it survives these symptoms.
Canine Hepatitis is not related to the hepatitis found in humans. It is an infectious viral disease of the kidneys, lungs, spleen, eyes, and liver of dogs. Again, its symptoms are treated as a dog cannot be cured of this disease. Often the symptoms include, fever, vomits, enlargement of stomach, jaundice, pain near liver, and congested mucous membranes
Canine Parainfluenza is among many viruses that can cause the kennel cough disease.
Corona Virus cannot be eliminated from a dog’s gastrointestinal system, thus, the treatment revolves around the symptoms only. One can look for the signs of decreased appetite, loose stools, and vomiting, and sometimes, respiratory infections.
Heartworm can live in the pulmonary arteries and in the heart’s right side, and also travel to other parts like liver and kidneys. Each worm can get as big as 13 inches, injuring organs if they live in a bunch. Though a recent infection may not show any signs, in the later stages, an infected dog may lose appetite, become lazy, cough, or breathe with difficulty.
Heartworm is not a treatable condition but regular and proper medication can prevent this disease. You can discuss with your vet about it once your pup is 12 to 16 week old.
A viral, bacterial, or some other infection in the upper airways cause inflammation and thus, kennel cough (tracheobronchitis), which often leads to multiple infections. It is highly infectious and can spread from one dog to another kept close in kennels. The milder symptoms include dry and harsh coughing coming in bouts. In severe cases, it can cause gagging, retching, and affect appetite. Milder symptoms are treated with cough suppressants but severe symptoms may need certain antibiotic drugs.
This bacterial disease can be picked from water and soil around the world. It can also spread to humans from dogs. In dogs, the symptoms include vomits, loose stool, fever, appetite loss, lethargy/weakness, jaundice, muscular pain, stiffness, kidney failure etc.
There are effective antibiotics available for this infection that should be given as soon as possible.
Lyme Disease in dogs is quite different from humans. The spirochete bacteria carried through ticks can make a dog sick, affecting its kidneys, heart, joints, and some neurological disorders if not treated for a long time. A dog shows symptoms of fever, poor appetite and limping. Antibiotics are given immediately to cure this infection, however, a relapse may be seen in a few months or years.
Dogs and puppies not vaccinated for Parvovirus are at a great risk, though any other dog may also contract it.
Usually, poor appetite, fever, and vomits are seen in infected dogs. In severe conditions, immediate medical aid is highly necessary because a dog may have a bloody diarrhoea leading to dehydration and even death. This disease cannot be cured and hence, symptomatic care is given, hoping that the dog’s immune system takes over the task of killing the virus.
This viral disease found in mammals is easily spread if an infected animal bites any other. It can affect the nervous system of the animal, leading to hydrophobia, paralysis, anxiety, headache, hallucinations, and even death. It needs prompt treatment because of its severity.